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Optometrists examine eyes and related nerves and tissues to diagnose and treat visual impairments and disease. Additionally, they diagnose and treat systemic factors altering vision and function. ODs prescribe certain medications and administer some surgeries.

ODs also discuss surgery options with patients and often administer pre and post-operative care. They also diagnose diseases such as diabetes since it affects vision and eye function. When this is the case, they refer patients to specialists.

Optometrists are not eye surgeons or medical doctors. Only ophthalmologists are trained to perform invasive eye surgery. ODs are among the most successful self-employed professionals throughout the United States.

Working Conditions
Most optometrists are self-employed. They typically work 40 hour weeks in comfortable, brightly-lit, and organized offices. Many accommodate patients' schedules by working nights and weekends.

Career Training and Education
To become an OD, you must finish a 4 year graduate program at an optometry school. However, make sure to enroll in an accredited program. Before applying to optometry school, you'll be required to take the Optometry Admission Test (OAT). Following graduation, all optometrists are required to become licensed in their respective state by taking multiple exams.
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Psychologists specialize in analyzing human behavior and brain function. They study all features of human experience, including child development, cognitive function, and human relationships. Psychology offers a wide array of career opportunities.

Salary: $30,000 - $78,654

Education: 4 - 8 Years (beyond high school)

Job Outlook: Excellent

Learn more...