Health Career Center

Medical Doctors (M.D.)

Physicians diagnose disease, administer medical treatments, and counsel people about healthy practices. Many conduct research, teach at medical schools, and manage health clinics and hospitals. The following are fields physicians can specialize in:
  • anesthesiology
  • family and general medicine
  • general internal medicine
  • general pediatrics
  • obstetrics and gynecology
  • psychiatry
  • surgery
Additional information about careers in medicine can be obtained from the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC).

Working Conditions
Physicians are employed at hospitals, medical clinics, assisted living facilities, colleges and universities, and community health centers. Many physicians establish and manage private practices. To accommodate projected future demand, medical schools are admitting more students. It's likely that physicians will work less, retire younger, and make less money in the upcoming years. Numerous opportunities are available for physicians in poor and rural areas. Physicians frequently network with other physicians and medical specialists to find jobs. The American Medical Association (AMA) offers an excellent networking service for physicians.

Career Training and Education
Most medical schools only admit students with bachelor's degrees, but a few schools only require 3 years of undergraduate study. They also require the completion of certain prerequisites prior to admission. Every medical school requires applicants to take the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) and submit letters of recommendation. The American Medical College Application Service enables applicants to submit applications to multiple schools simultaneously. Medical school lasts 4 years, and it's followed by a 3-8 year residency. The length of residencies is determined by specialty. During the first 2 years, medical students should expect to spend most of their time in classrooms and studying. They acquire practical experience during the subsequent 2 years. Information about available residencies and medical school in general can be obtained from the Association of American Medical Schools, and from these organizations: Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education American Medical Student Association Student National Medical Association Student Doctor Network
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Psychologists specialize in analyzing human behavior and brain function. They study all features of human experience, including child development, cognitive function, and human relationships. Psychology offers a wide array of career opportunities.

Salary: $30,000 - $78,654

Education: 4 - 8 Years (beyond high school)

Job Outlook: Excellent

Learn more...